Online dating safety tips
According to the authorities, dating and romance scams are one of the
fastest-growing areas of fraud online. The FBI issued an official warning this
year, saying that women over 40 were particularly at risk.
You’re contacted online by someone who appears interested in you. He or
she may have a profile you can read or a picture that is emailed to you. For
weeks, even months, you may chat back and forth with one another, forming a
connection. You may even be sent flowers or other gifts. But ultimately,
it’s going to happen; your new-found “friend” is going to ask you for money.
Here’s how the FBI says the romance scam usually works.
Do not ignore any facts which seem inconsistent and be aware of the following common techniques used by romance scammers:
Don’t be a victim, check out these tips and take them to heart:
- Immediate requests to talk or chat on an email or messaging service outside of the dating site.
- Claims that your introduction was “destiny” or “fate,” especially early in communication.
- Claims to be from the U.S. but is currently living, working, or traveling abroad.
- Asks for money, goods, or any similar type of financial assistance, especially if you have never met in person.
- Asks for assistance with personal transactions (opening new bank accounts, depositing or transferring funds, shipping merchandise, etc.).
- Reports a sudden personal crisis and pressures you to provide financial assistance. Be especially wary if the demands become increasingly aggressive.
- Tells inconsistent or grandiose stories.
- Gives vague answers to specific questions.
- Claims to be recently widowed or claims to be a U.S. service member serving overseas.
- Disappears suddenly from the site then reappears under a different name using the same profile information.
- If you’re suspicious, Google the message text he/she sends you.
Unlike spam, dating scams require a fair amount of work from the criminals –
so they tend to cut corners. Often, the ‘romantic’ message you receive has
been sent to dozens of other people. Put quotes around it and Google it: if
it brings up results from former victims, you should start to worry. If the
messages are in broken English, but your lover claims to be American, it’s
another good reason to be cautious. Ask advice from a site administrator, or
- Don’t be ashamed to ‘play detective’. Millions of people
use dating sites, but they DO carry risks that normal dating does not. You
don’t know whether the person you are speaking to is real, where they’re
from, or whether the photos are them, or someone different. In the old days,
you would often meet people via friends of friends–but you don’t have this
reassurance online. So play detective. If they won’t tell you where they
work, worry. Likewise, if they keep asking questions about you, but never
answer any about themselves, worry. Search for them on LinkedIn, or just via
Google – it’s almost impossible NOT to leave traces online these days. If
someone has not, they probably are not real.
- If their photos are really glossy, be afraid. Oddly, one of
the giveaways that your lover may not be who they seem is that they look too
good–as in, the photographs are professional. Few normal people would make
this much effort–but for a cybercriminal, the easiest way to create a fake
profile is to use glamorous pictures from the web, shot by professional
Most cyber criminals do not use their own photographs; they use an image from another social media account as their own. A reverse image search can determine if a profile picture is being used elsewhere on the internet, and on which websites it was used. A search sometimes provides information that links the image with other scams or victims.To perform a reverse image search on profile photos:
1 - Right click on the image and select “Search for image.”
2 - Right click again and select “Save image as” to save the photo to your device.
3 - Using a search engine, choose the small camera icon to upload the saved image into the search engine.
- Don’t hand over information bit by bit. Dating sites are a huge
growth area for cybercrime, and scams vary from simple cons, where people
are asked for money for visas, to classic phishing. The problem is that
handing over information is a normal part of romance–but perfect for
identity thieves. Until you have verified that the person is genuine, do not
give out your address, ever, and if possible limit other details such as
workplaces and contact details.
- Don’t share ‘racy’ photos with people you have not met. One
variation of today’s dating scams is a simple one – blackmail. Do not hand
over pictures you would be embarrassed to see published online–otherwise,
you’re at risk from blackmailers. Even racy messages can be a tool for
criminals – particularly if you’re attached. Keep things clean until you
know your ‘romance’ is real. Allowing someone to see you via webcam, or to,
for instance, undress on webcam, is particularly risky.
- If your ‘lover’ sends you a photo which you need to click on, worry.
Keep antivirus software running and be wary of profiles without images in
the first place. If they have an image, ask them to add it to their profile.
- Long-distance love DOES happen – but be wary. Profiles
without pictures, details and interests are a clear warning of a fake
profile. US law enforcement say that common signs are people who claim to be
American but say they are working abroad, then suddenly need plane fare
- Stick to reputable sites. Match.com and other ‘major’ sites
such as eHarmony have a reputation to protect so their systems will help to
keep you safe (accusations of fake profiles notwithstanding). On Match, for
instance, you can instantly flag any email or message as suspicious, and
flag any profile you think isn’t quite right. Match will investigate
rapidly. Other large, reputable sites have similar systems. Smaller,
specialist sites–particularly those focused on short-term
relationships–won’t offer the same peace of mind. However, sites which cater
to a particular cultural group may achieve higher levels of trust if they
fly under the radar of cyber criminals. Expect ‘Free’ sites to be the most
dangerous the barrier to entry is low for enterprising cybercriminals.
- Don’t be persuaded to switch to another social network, email or IM.
Millions of people use dating sites, and the ‘big’ sites are facing
epidemic levels of fake profiles, phishing and other scams, so
cybercriminals will often persuade victims to switch to another site,
either a social site, or simply email. This way, they can continue the
fraud in private.
- If you think, “It’s all happening so fast!” It’s time to worry. Dating
scams are one of the few areas of cybercrime where gangs play a ‘long game’
– sometimes stringing victims along for weeks or months. But most are
impatient to be paid - so any online ‘lover’ who declares undying love in
the space of a few emails should be regarded with extreme suspicion.
- Do not send money, ever. The ‘red flag’ moment comes when
your ‘lover’ asks for money. Do not send it–whether it’s for flights, or for
life-saving surgery. Even if the story is so tragic you feel you HAVE to
help. If the subject of money comes up early in a relationship, be wary. If
someone asks outright for a Western Union payment or bank wire transfer, you
may well be dealing with a criminal. Speak to a site administrator if
possible. Talk to a friend – or ask advice from an independent agency, or
local law enforcement.
- Never send money to someone you meet online, especially by wire transfer.
- Never provide credit card numbers or bank account information without verifying the recipient’s identity.
- Never share your Social Security number or other personally identifiable information that can be used to access your accounts with someone who does not need to know this information.